The Public Prosecution Service (OM) and the courts together make up the judiciary. The Public Prosecution Service decides who has to appear before a court and on what charge. It is the only body that can decide to prosecute someone. Its field of work is criminal law.
The Public Prosecution Service’s main tasks are:
investigating criminal offences
supervising the enforcement of sentences.
During the hearing, the court listens to what the public prosecutor and the defence attorney have to say, and may itself investigate the defendant’s guilt or innocence. The public prosecutor then recommends an appropriate sentence, after which the court gives judgment.
The Public Prosecution Service does not get involved in disputes about dismissals or quarrels between neighbours about, say, overhanging branches. Such matters are dealt with by the civil courts. It only concerns itself with criminal offences, both minor (overtredingen) and serious (misdrijven).
Yesterday, the Fiscal Intelligence and Investigation Division (FIOD) searched a total of ten locations in a criminal investigation into six companies who, in the Netherlands, operate mailboxes which are suspected of being used for global fraud. The six companies are suspected of ( being involved in) fraud and attempted fraud of hundreds of thousands of people worldwide by way of false letters. It is assumed that the total fraud amount runs up to the millions. Simultaneously with the operations conducted by the FIOD, the U.S. Department of Justice (DoJ) filed a civil complaint against two of the suspected companies and one director in the Netherlands, on behalf of hundreds of thousands of victims.
Today, the Dutch police and the Public Prosecution Service brought down an extensive encrypted communication network of Dutch and possibly foreign criminals. In Nijmegen, a 36-year-old man was arrested on suspicion of money laundering.
International telecom provider Vimpelcom and its subsidiary Silkway Holdings BV (hereinafter referred to as Vimpelcom) have accepted a settlement offered by the Dutch Public Prosecution Service (DPPS) totaling 397,500,000 US dollars. Vimpelcom is headquarted in Amsterdam. The DPPS accuses Vimpelcom of the criminal offences bribery of government officials and inaccurate books and records. It concerns the period around the time of gaining access to the Uzbek telecom market and thereafter (from 2006 up to and including 2012).