The Netherlands Public Prosecution Service is responsible for investigating and prosecuting criminal offences
For a society to function efficiently and fairly laws are needed. People are not, for example, allowed to use violence, steal or damage property, and there are rules to ensure traffic safety. If someone fails to respect the law, someone else may lodge a complaint with the police. Or the police can arrest the offender. A suspect may also be arrested by a member of the public if they are caught in the act.
In the Netherlands, only judges and – in minor cases – the public prosecution service may impose punishment. Crucially, a person may be punished only if it has been established that he or she is in fact guilty of the offence in question. Doing this requires investigation and an independent judiciary.
After all, in our democracy governed by the rule of law, justice is a core value. Suspects, victims and society as a whole must have the confidence that they will be properly represented in criminal proceedings. The sentence must also be in proportion to the crime that was committed and provide justice for those affected by it.
The Public Prosecution Service is responsible for investigating and prosecuting criminal offences on behalf of society at large. Its work is aimed at ensuring that those who commit crimes are punished appropriately, that victims and next of kin feel that someone is on their side, and that the Dutch public are confident that the law of the Netherlands are applied fairly and correctly.
The Public Prosecution Service and the courts together make up the judiciary. The Public Prosecution Service is responsible for the enforcement of criminal law. It is the only institution that decides who has to appear before a criminal court and on what charge.
The Public Prosecution Service’s main tasks are:
supervising the police in the investigation of criminal offences
prosecuting criminal offences and bringing suspected offenders before the courts
dealing with criminal offences without involving the courts
The Public Prosecution Service concerns itself only with criminal law. It therefore has no involvement in civil matters such as rent disputes, labour issues or divorce proceedings.
The Dutch Public Prosecution Service (hereafter: DPPS) has concluded that it is not possible to bring a successful prosecution against the tobacco industry under the current legal and regulatory frameworks. For this reason, the DPPS will not continue to investigate the case. Smoking is deadly and the design of cigarettes does add to this but according to the DPPS, the tobacco manufacturers have not acted in violation of either the law or the current regulatory framework.
At the beginning of the appeal in the criminal case against Mr Geert Wilders about his remark regarding 'fewer Moroccans', the Dutch Public Prosecution Service (PPS) indicated that it does not completely agree with the verdict of the The Hague District Court of December 9th, 2016. Although the PPS believes that the Court of The Hague was right in convicting Mr Wilders for group insult and incitement to discrimination on 19 March 2014, it also find that the Court should not have acquitted Mr Wilders of two other charges.
According to the PPS, Mr Wilders' remark on 12 March 2014, made at the market in Loosduinen – namely that he represented people who vote for a city with, if possible, also fewer Moroccans – does indeed constitute group insult. According to the PPS, the 'fewer Moroccans' speech on 19 March 2014 in a cafe in The Hague does not only constitute group insult and incitement to discrimination but it also means that Mr Wilders incited to hatred against Moroccans. The PPS believes that Mr Wilders should not only be held guilty for his remarkt, but also be punished. The District Court, however, chose not to impose a sentence.
Moreover, the PPS believes that Mr Wilders deserved to be sentenced for his remarks. The Court, however, did not do so.
Recently the JIT has received a new photograph of a BUK-TELAR. This picture was probably taken on July 17, 2014 in the town of Makeevka, Ukraine. The JIT presumes that the picture contains the BUK-TELAR which is responsible for downing flight MH17.