The Public Prosecution Service (OM) and the courts together make up the judiciary. The Public Prosecution Service decides who has to appear before a court and on what charge. It is the only body that can decide to prosecute someone. Its field of work is criminal law.
The Public Prosecution Service’s main tasks are:
investigating criminal offences
supervising the enforcement of sentences.
During the hearing, the court listens to what the public prosecutor and the defence attorney have to say, and may itself investigate the defendant’s guilt or innocence. The public prosecutor then recommends an appropriate sentence, after which the court gives judgment.
The Public Prosecution Service does not get involved in disputes about dismissals or quarrels between neighbours about, say, overhanging branches. Such matters are dealt with by the civil courts. It only concerns itself with criminal offences, both minor (overtredingen) and serious (misdrijven).
On Monday 14November 2016, the National Office of the Dutch Public Prosecution Service (DPPS) has requested the district court of Utrecht to ban the Bandidos Motorcycle Club (Bandidos MC) in the Netherlands. This request concerns both the international motorcycle club and its Dutch branch. Therefore, the DPPS has filed two legal applications at the district court. The purpose of this procedure is to end the presence of the Bandidos MC in the Netherlands.
Two Rwandan residents of the Netherlands, a 40 year-old from Voorburg and a 57 year-old from Leusden, will be extradited to Rwanda today. The extradition of Jean-Claude I. and Jean-Baptiste M. was requested by the Rwandan authorities for involvement in the 1994 Genocide.
The Dutch National Prosecution Service and police launched a so called Hidden Service on the darknet today. The set up took place within the framework of ‘Operation Hyperion’. This first global Darknet marketplace enforcement operation ever, was conducted 22 to 28 October.
Yesterday, the Fiscal Intelligence and Investigation Division (FIOD) searched a total of ten locations in a criminal investigation into six companies who, in the Netherlands, operate mailboxes which are suspected of being used for global fraud. The six companies are suspected of ( being involved in) fraud and attempted fraud of hundreds of thousands of people worldwide by way of false letters. It is assumed that the total fraud amount runs up to the millions. Simultaneously with the operations conducted by the FIOD, the U.S. Department of Justice (DoJ) filed a civil complaint against two of the suspected companies and one director in the Netherlands, on behalf of hundreds of thousands of victims.
Today, the Dutch police and the Public Prosecution Service brought down an extensive encrypted communication network of Dutch and possibly foreign criminals. In Nijmegen, a 36-year-old man was arrested on suspicion of money laundering.