The Public Prosecution Service (OM) and the courts together make up the judiciary. The Public Prosecution Service decides who has to appear before a court and on what charge. It is the only body that can decide to prosecute someone. Its field of work is criminal law.
The Public Prosecution Service’s main tasks are:
investigating criminal offences
supervising the enforcement of sentences.
During the hearing, the court listens to what the public prosecutor and the defence attorney have to say, and may itself investigate the defendant’s guilt or innocence. The public prosecutor then recommends an appropriate sentence, after which the court gives judgment.
The Public Prosecution Service does not get involved in disputes about dismissals or quarrels between neighbours about, say, overhanging branches. Such matters are dealt with by the civil courts. It only concerns itself with criminal offences, both minor (overtredingen) and serious (misdrijven).
Today, as part of an investigation into possession and export of hard drugs to Australia, the Dutch police searched the homes of two suspects and subsequently arrested the men, a 33-year-old from Utrecht and a 47-year-old from Huizen.
The forensic investigation into items taken out of Ukraine by Dutch journalist Michel Spekkers which were possibly related to the MH17 crash has shown that one of the items is a fragment of human bone. The other items were also investigated and found not to be relevant to the criminal investigation.
The Dutch Public Prosecution Service have demanded a 5,000 euro fine against Geert Wilders today. According to the Public Prosecution Service, Wilders committed the offences of insulting Moroccans as a group on 12 March 2014 and, on 19 March 2014, of insulting Moroccans as a group and inciting hatred of and discrimination against Moroccans.
On Monday 14November 2016, the National Office of the Dutch Public Prosecution Service (DPPS) has requested the district court of Utrecht to ban the Bandidos Motorcycle Club (Bandidos MC) in the Netherlands. This request concerns both the international motorcycle club and its Dutch branch. Therefore, the DPPS has filed two legal applications at the district court. The purpose of this procedure is to end the presence of the Bandidos MC in the Netherlands.
Two Rwandan residents of the Netherlands, a 40 year-old from Voorburg and a 57 year-old from Leusden, will be extradited to Rwanda today. The extradition of Jean-Claude I. and Jean-Baptiste M. was requested by the Rwandan authorities for involvement in the 1994 Genocide.