The Public Prosecution Service (OM) and the courts together make up the judiciary. The Public Prosecution Service decides who has to appear before a court and on what charge. It is the only body that can decide to prosecute someone. Its field of work is criminal law.
The Public Prosecution Service’s main tasks are:
investigating criminal offences
supervising the enforcement of sentences.
During the hearing, the court listens to what the public prosecutor and the defence attorney have to say, and may itself investigate the defendant’s guilt or innocence. The public prosecutor then recommends an appropriate sentence, after which the court gives judgment.
The Public Prosecution Service does not get involved in disputes about dismissals or quarrels between neighbours about, say, overhanging branches. Such matters are dealt with by the civil courts. It only concerns itself with criminal offences, both minor (overtredingen) and serious (misdrijven).
On the basis of an extradition request by Rwanda, a 37 years old resident of the Dutch municipality of Voorburg has been placed under arrest today. He is suspected of involvement in the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. Jean-Claude I. had already been arrested by the Netherlands Police in July and has been in provisional custody since then.
The Netherlands National Prosecutor's Office will not prosecute a rental company in cranes and aerial work platforms and its managing directors for involvement in the construction of the Israeli barrier and an industrial area nearby a settlement on the West Bank.
The Public Prosecution Service (PPS) does not reconcile itself to the decision of the court of appeal in Arnhem-Leeuwarden in the case against Vereniging Martijn and will therefore lodge an appeal in cassation. On 3 April last, the court of appeal judged that contrary to the PPS's plea, the appeal of Vereniging Martijn may be allowed and that the decision of the court in Assen on 27 June 2012, must be annulled.
The District Court of The Hague today convicted Yvonne Basebya to a term of imprisonment of 6 years and 8 months for the role she played in the 1990's in the Rwandan Genocide. The Netherlands National Prosecutor's Office is content with the judgment, because it makes clear that perpetrators behind the scenes do not remain unpunished.