The Public Prosecution service is accountable to two separate authorities. First, the courts, which review the conduct of the Public Prosecution service and the police services. Second, the Minister of security and Justice, who has political responsibility for the service’s conduct and performance, and may be called upon to render account to both houses of the Dutch parliament. Policy is therefore always on the agenda in consultations between the Public Prosecution service and the Minister.
The Minister is concerned with general policy on investigations and prosecutions. only rarely does he intervene in individual cases, by issuing a directive to the Public Prosecution service after consulting the board of Procurators General.
If the Minister decides to issue a directive to the Public Prosecution service, he keeps the court hearing the case in question fully informed. it is of course the court that makes the ultimate decision in criminal prosecutions. if the Minister decides that a person will not be prosecuted, he has to inform Parliament of his decision.