On 7 August 2014, following the coordination meeting held at Eurojust on 28 July, authorities from the Netherlands, Australia, Belgium and Ukraine signed an agreement to set up a joint investigation team (JIT) to investigate the crash of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17, with the participation of Malaysia and Eurojust.
The JIT supports UN Security Council Resolution 2166's call for a full, thorough and independent international investigation into the incident. The resolution calls on all states and actors in the region to cooperate fully with the investigation efforts, including by providing unhindered access to the crash sites.
A JIT facilitates international cooperation and the gathering and sharing of information and evidence. Expertise and knowledge can also be exchanged more easily. Under the aegis of the JIT, for example, forensic and digital investigations can be done.
Authorities from the Netherlands, Australia, Belgium, Ukraine, and Malaysia, as well as authorities in the UK, Germany, the Philippines, Italy, Canada, New Zealand, Indonesia and the USA, countries whose nationals are victims of the crash, are cooperating closely. The Dutch National Public Prosecutors Office is coordinating the JIT. Currently criminal investigations are being conducted in the Netherlands, Ukraine, Belgium, Malaysia and Australia.
Dutch and Australian investigators and experts, including a Dutch public prosecutor, are present in Ukraine.
Eurojust is playing an important role in facilitating international cooperation in the investigation into the crash.